man sitting on an armchair

Marcel Breuer: tubular steel design

Marcel Breuer was a celebrated Hungarian-American architect and Mid-Century Modern furniture designer mostly famous for his tubular steel pieces.

Bio

Breuer was born on May 21, 1902, and died on July 1, 1981. He graduated from high school at the Magyar Kiralyi Forealiskola in Pecs, Hungary. In 1921, at the age of 18, Breuer moved to Weimar, Germany, to enroll at a “new” school called the Bauhaus. The famous school was founded in 1919 with a mission to marry functional design with the principles of fine art. The head of this school, the architect Walter Gropius, immediately recognized Breuer’s talent and promoted him within a year to the head of the carpentry shop. The collaboration with Gropius lasted many years as the two co-designed also houses and cottages (see Chamberlain Cottage below),

Chamberlain Cottage (Breuer/Gropius House) from Michael Breer on Vimeo.

Style

The entire work of Breuer revolves around Bauhaus objective that is to reconcile the art and functional design industry. In order to create remarkable art that can go well with the industrial age, he always used new forms of materials and developed technology to develop an ‘International Style’ of work.

Marcel Breuer - Armchair - 1936 - Collection Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, inv. nr. V 2486 (KN&V). Produced by Isokon Furniture Company.
Marcel Breuer – Armchair – 1936 – Collection Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, inv. nr. V 2486 (KN&V). Produced by Isokon

Masterpieces

WASSILY CHAIR  No B3: Breuer was greatly inspired by the form and shape of the bicycle hand bars. In 1925, he invented the tubular metal chair also known as the Wassily Chair. Later, this invention became the most famous piece associated with his name. >> Please click here to see current offers and pricing. <<

Marcel Breuer: Wassily chairs in the Bauhaus building
Marcel Breuer: Wassily chairs in the Bauhaus building
Wassily Chair By Marcel Breuer for Knoll
Wassily Chair By Marcel Breuer for Knoll

 

The Wassily chair is often complemented by the Laccio coffee table designed with the similar features >> Please click here to see current offers and pricing << and by the Laccio side table >>Please click here to see current offers and pricing << 

Wassily Chair and Arco lamp
Wassily Chair + laccio coffee table + side table and Arco lamp courtesy by Lumens
Laccio coffee table
Marcel Breuer: Laccio coffee table by Knoll
Marcel Breuer: Laccio coffee table by Knoll
Marcel Breuer: Laccio side table by Knoll

 

CESCA chair: designed in 1928 by Marcel Breuer, this chair took advantage of the technological advances of its day allowing for a cantilevered frame. Please click here to see current offers and pricing

CESCA chair: designed in 1928 by Marcel Breuer
CESCA chair: 1928 by Marcel Breuer for Knoll

CHAIR No B33: After completing the design for Wassily chair, Breuer continued exploring different plastic possibilities of tubular steel. This led him to invent the B33 in which the material is molded into a single, snaking outline. This outline holds two Beachwood frames covered in caning.

Marcel Breuer – B33 from Apunto on Vimeo.